Josiah ben Zakkai
- (fl. 10th cent)Babylonian exilarch. He was appointed exilarch after his brother David ben Zakkai was deposed from office by Saadyah Gaon. The caliph intervened in David's favour; Josiah was then banished to Chorassan, where he died.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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David ben Zakkaï — Ne doit pas être confondu avec Yohanan ben Zakkaï. David ben Zakkaï (date de naissance inconnue décédé en 940 EC à Khorasan) était un exilarque, dirigeant de la communauté juive de Babylone. Il est principalement connu dans l histoire juive … Wikipédia en Français
DAVID BEN ZAKKAI [i] — DAVID BEN ZAKKAI , exilarch in Iraq, 917–40. David became exilarch during a period of severe controversy, some five years after his uncle, ukva , had been removed from his position by the [i]rosh yeshivah of Pumbedita, kohen zedek , and his… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
DAVID BEN ZAKKAI (II) — (d. c. 1216), exilarch in mosul , Mesopotamia. David and his cousin Samuel, descendants of the exilarch Josiah b. Zakkai, were community leaders in Mosul. pethahiah of regensburg , who visited Mosul about 1175, states that they owned fields and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
David ben Zakkai I — (fl. 10th cent) Babylonian exilarch (917 40). He appointed Saadyah ben Joseph gaon of Sura, but later quarrelled with him and had him deposed. The supporters of Saadyah attempted to appoint a new exilarch, Josiah Hasan. After a bitter dispute… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
David ben Zakkai (exilarch) — David ben Zakkai (died 940 CE) was an exilarch, leader of the Jewish community of Babylon, known in Jewish history especially for his conflict with Saadia Gaon, which ruptured the leadership of the Babylonian Jews, and which was settled by the… … Wikipedia
DAVID BEN DANIEL — (fl. second half of the 13th century), exilarch in Mosul, Mesopotamia. David was descended from the exilarch Josiah b. Zakkai and a grandson of the exilarch david b. zakkai II. In 1288 David issued a threat of excommunication edict against R.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JESSE BEN HEZEKIAH — (13th century), exilarch of all the Diasporas of Israel in damascus . Jesse is known for his participation in the controversy over the writings of maimonides , which broke out during the 1290s as a result of the activities of Solomon Petit, the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SAADIAH (Ben Joseph) GAON — (882–942), greatest scholar and author of the geonic period and important leader of Babylonian Jewry. Saadiah was born in Pithom (Abu Suweir), in the Faiyum district in Egypt. Little is known about his family except that his opponents slandered… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
AZARIAH BEN SOLOMON — (late 10th–early 11th centuries), exilarch in Babylonia after 953. Azariah s father, Solomon, was the son of Josiah (Ḥasan) but nevertheless supported by saadiah Gaon against Josiah s brother david b. zakkai . From documents of the Cairo Genizah … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HEZEKIAH BEN DAVID — (d. c. 1058), exilarch and gaon. His grandfather Hezekiah b. Judah, a grandson of david b. zakkai , is also referred to as exilarch, although there is some doubt whether he actually held the position. Hezekiah b. David became exilarch after… … Encyclopedia of Judaism